Status on the Use of Improved Cooking Stoves in Rungwe District: A Case of Makandana Ward
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The study assessed the status of using Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS) at Makandana ward in the Rungwe District. Specifically, it determined the availability of ICS, analysed the factors that influence the use of the improved cooking stoves and determined initiatives were taken to motivate the community to use ICS technology. Data were collected through focus group discussions, observations and interviews. While the questionnaire was used as a tool to collect primary data from respondents, the checklists were employed to solicit secondary information from key informants. Descriptive and Logistic regression analyses were used in the data analysis. Descriptive results reported that there were few users of improved cooking stoves by 39.0 percent. Logistic regression analysis showed that age, education level, costs of ICS, food taste, sensitization, availability of ICS and time consumption during cooking were statistically significant in the use of ICS at p<0.05. Dissemination of information (54.7 percent), promotion (52.0 percent) and technical training (37.3 percent) were the main initiatives to motivate the use of ICS. More financial, technical support and credit to youth groups are highly recommended to produce affordable ICS with good quality. Training, seminars, workshops, meetings and public media such as radios and cell phones (SMS) should enable the spreading of knowledge on the use of ICS.