Socio-economic Drivers of Energy Consumption Patterns at Household Level in Temeke Municipality: A Case of Mbagala Kuu Ward
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ABSTRACT: The study was conducted at Mbagala Kuu ward in Temeke municipality in Dar es Salaam city to assess the socio-economic determinants of energy consumption patterns at household level. Data for this study were collected 99 households through structured interview using questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by IBM Statistical Product for Social Sciences (IBM-SPSS version 20) computer software through descriptive statistics and regression analysis to assess the socioeconomic drivers for energy choices. The results showed that most of the households in the study area consume mixture of energy of electricity, charcoal and gas. Being the residential area, most of the households use the energy mix for lighting, cooking and electrical appliances. The results further indicated that income, time, efficiency and affordability are the main drivers for energy choices in the study area. The energy ladder in the study area therefore comprised of charcoal for low income earners and electricity and gas for high and medium income earners. The study therefore, concluded that energy income is the main determinant of energy choices in Mbagala Kuu ward with energy mix of electricity and charcoal together with electricity and gas as the main energy mixes. The study recommends that strategies be developed to ensure good utilization of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) as it is now readily available and the prices is expected to be low and affordable to many households as a strategy to reduce the use of charcoal that degrades the environment through deforestation.