Public Perception on Land Policy Challenges and Land Conflicts: A case of Dodoma Makulu ward, Dodoma Municipality
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ABSTRACT: This study was conducted in Dodoma-Makulu ward in Dodoma Urban District in 2011. The general objective was to relate the execution of Land Policy; that is management, governance and leadership of urban lands to land conflicts in Dodoma Municipality. The survey was done to relatively aged heads of households (n = 110) who have been residing in Dodoma for not less than five years. Key Informants were obtained from the institutes which are engaged with land administration and governance, such as the Capital Development Authority, the Land Tribunals and various Non-Government Organizations. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed in data collection. The Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS 16.0) was software used to analyze data collected. While majority of the public (96 %) has been able to identify types of conflicts prevailing in Dodoma Municipality, 82 % had the opinion that the problem does not lie with land policy, but rather the processes while executing land policy (institutional weaknesses). The public, while declaring the usefulness of the land policy, has the perception that involved authorities do not have the capacity to manage land matters effectively in Dodoma Municipality. As the study is based on the public perception, the critical institutional study is required to be done to come out with recommendations necessary for the Capital Development Authority and various stakeholders to re-strategize and therefore, meeting the public expectation.