Persistence of Female Genital Mutilation in Tarime District, Tanzania
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Abstract: The study aimed at assessing the reasons for the persistence of the Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Tanzania. The specific objectives of the study were to identify the actual status of FGM in the study area, to identify the efforts done in the study area to eradicate the situation, to explore the major barriers hindering eradication of FGM and to determine the perception of people towards mitigating FGM in the study area. The methods employed to collect data for this study were interview using questionnaires and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) using the FGD guide. Data analysis was done using a Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). Descriptive statistical analysis was used in data analysis. Data presentation was done using tables, charts (graphs) and logical statements. The findings from the study indicated that, the campaign against FGM is facing some challenges. Major challenges are the influence of traditional leaders, community influence, influence of traditional circumcision practitioners (commonly known as Ngariba in Swahili) and the parents; the status of traditional circumcision is very high; FGM is supported by households; only few organisations are involved in fighting this problem in the study area. Basing on such finding it is recommended that effective legal measures should be applied by legal authorities to people perpetuating FGM; education to various age groups should be given by all stakeholders; the central government should support the organisations involved in FGM eradication campaign and traditional leaders should be involved in the campaign.